Spreading over the southwestern region of the Korean Peninsula, Gwangju Metropolitan City has a population of 1.5 million people. Mudeungsan Mountain, 1,187 meters high, is nestled in the eastern part of the city. Having favorable geographical conditions, it has served as a political, economic, administrative, social and cultural hub and a leader of growth and prosperity in the Honam area.
Some important events in Korean history in the 20th century, including the Gwangju Student Independence Movement and the May 18th Democratic Uprising, occurred here. Gwangju Metropolitan City also boasts the most advanced and best quality education programs and houses Chonnam National University, Chosun University and Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology.
The Gwangju Biennale is held every two years and Gwangju Metropolitan City proudly became a new member of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network's media arts sector in 2014. The Gwangju Summer Universiade was completed successfully last July. The ASEM Culture Ministers Meeting and the FINA World Aquatics Championship are slated for 2016 and 2019, respectively.
Home to the Asian Culture Complex, Gwangju Metropolitan City is developing into a place for the convergence, integration and re-creation of tangible and intangible heritages in Asia as a national project.